Comparación del acondicionamiento físico en alumnos de tres escuelas del Ejército Nacional de Colombia

Palabras clave: acondicionamiento, capacidad aeróbica, educación física, educación militar, fuerza muscular, fuerzas armadas

Resumen

Una condición física adecuada es fundamental para el desempeño y la supervivencia en operaciones militares. Por ello, este estudio evalúa el acondicionamiento físico de los militares en formación de tres escuelas del Ejército Nacional de Colombia mediante un estudio transversal, donde se midieron y compararon variables morfológicas y fisiológicas de 120 estudiantes (40 por escuela). Se evidenciaron diferencias en el consumo de VO2 mediante el test de Léger; en flexibilidad mediante el test de Sit and Reach; en fuerza prensil mediante dinamometría de mano; en tiempo de vuelo mediante plataformas de salto y en el índice de masa corporal. Aunque el plan de entrenamiento del Ejército es estándar, estas diferencias en el acondicionamiento, favorables para la escuela de soldados profesionales, se deben a su intensidad, duración y frecuencia.

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Biografía del autor/a

Jenner Rodrigo Cubides-Amézquita, Escuela Militar de Cadetes “General José María Córdova”, Bogotá D.C., Colombia

Magíster en genética humana y médico especialista en epidemiología. Es líder del Grupo de Investigación en Rendimiento Físico Militar de la Escuela Militar de Cadetes “General José María Córdova”.

Laura Elizabeth Castro-Jiménez, Universitaria Agustiniana, Bogotá D.C., Colombia

Doctora en Humanidades, Humanismo y Persona de la Universidad San Buenaventura, magíster en salud pública y fisioterapeuta. Docente de la Universidad Santo Tomás y la Uniagustiniana (Bogotá, Colombia).

Ana Isabel García-Muñoz, Escuela Militar de Cadetes “General José María Córdova”, Bogotá D.C., Colombia

Magíster en educación, especialista en rehabilitación cardiopulmonar y terapeuta respiratoria. Investigadora del Grupo de Investigaciones en Rendimiento Físico Militar de la Escuela Militar de Cadetes “General José María Córdova”.

Cómo citar
Cubides-Amézquita, J. R., Castro-Jiménez, L. E., & García-Muñoz, A. I. (2021). Comparación del acondicionamiento físico en alumnos de tres escuelas del Ejército Nacional de Colombia. Revista Científica General José María Córdova, 19(34), 499-517. https://doi.org/10.21830/19006586.679

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Publicado
2021-04-01
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