Ética médica para la profesión militar

Palabras clave: COVID-19, doble lealtad, ética médica, militares, principios de la bioética, profesionales de la salud

Resumen

Este documento resume la ética médica en la profesión militar para sensibilizar a los dirigentes militares sobre la ética médica militar (EMM) y las cuestiones éticas que pueden afectar a sus servicios y personal médico. Primero, resume los conceptos básicos, incluyendo los cuatro principios de la ética médica (autonomía, beneficencia, no maleficencia y justicia), los dos marcos jurídicos para el uso de la fuerza militar en la guerra, jus ad bellum y jus in bello, y el concepto de doble obligación. Seguido, examina las cuestiones relativas a la EMM durante el conflicto, en la asistencia sanitaria de guarnición y durante la epidemia de COVID-19. Concluye argumentando que la EMM es un dominio importante de la ética militar que debería enseñarse a los líderes militares para complementar la educación detallada de los profesionales médicos militares de EMM.

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Biografía del autor/a

Martin Bricknell, King's College London, Reino Unido

Teniente General (retirado) del Ejército Británico. Se desempeñó como Cirujano General de las Fuerzas Armadas Británicas de 2018 a 2019. Tiene una Maestría en Estudios de Defensa, una Maestría en Ciencias Médicas (MMedSci) y una Maestría en Administración de Empresas. Tiene dos doctorados: un título de Doctor en Medicina (MD) de la Universidad de Southampton y un título de Doctor en Filosofía (PhD) de la Universidad de Glamorgan.

Marina Miron, King’s College London, Reino Unido

PhD en estudios estrategicos, Universidad de Nueva Gales del Sur, Academia de las Fuerzas Australianas de Defensa. Investigadora del Centro de Etica Militar, King’s College London, Reino Unido

Cómo citar
Bricknell, M., & Miron, M. (2021). Ética médica para la profesión militar. Revista Científica General José María Córdova, 19(36), 851-866. https://doi.org/10.21830/19006586.814

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Publicado
2021-10-01
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