El recurso a la fuerza militar en la emergencia sanitaria de COVID-19: Una justificación

Palabras clave: COVID-19, derechos humanos, emergencia de salud pública, ética, uso de la fuerza

Resumen

La pandemia de COVID-19 ha movilizado la entera capacidad de las sociedades de todo el mundo para responder a amenazas sin precedentes para la seguridad nacional y humana. En muchos casos, las medidas de emergencia han implicado el apoyo militar a las instituciones civiles, incluyendo las operaciones de orden público. Este documento intenta contribuir a una mejor comprensión de la legalidad y la legitimidad de estas operaciones militares, utilizando una metodología hermenéutica, comparativa y de encuesta. Se basa en los supuestos de que las normas internacionales de derechos humanos determinan de manera decisiva los requisitos morales para el uso doméstico de la fuerza militar y que la teoría de la guerra justa puede ser igualmente útil en la toma de decisiones sobre operaciones militares domésticas en tales circunstancias. Este estudio evalúa la justificación de las actuales aplicaciones militares y recomienda criterios para futuras emergencias.

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Biografía del autor/a

Zivorad Rasevic, Estado Mayor Conjunto de las Fuerzas Armadas, Bosnia y Herzegovina

Teniente Coronel (Jurídico, Ingeniero de combate) de las Fuerzas Armadas de Bosnia y Herzegovina y Oficial de Asuntos Jurídicos en el Estado Mayor Conjunto. Es un veterano de guerra de Bosnia (1992-1995) y observador militar de la ONU en la misión de la ONU en Etiopía y Eritrea (2002-2003). Profesor Asociado y Abogado Abogado. LL.D. de la Union University Belgrade y magister del King's College London.

Cómo citar
Rasevic, Z. (2021). El recurso a la fuerza militar en la emergencia sanitaria de COVID-19: Una justificación. Revista Científica General José María Córdova, 19(35), 549-569. https://doi.org/10.21830/19006586.777

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Publicado
2021-07-01
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