Algunas consideraciones sobre política exterior y de defensa. El caso de Costa Rica

  • Carlos Murillo Zamora Universidad de Costa Rica
Palabras clave: política exterior, política de defensa, seguridad, políticas públicas, Costa Rica

Resumen

Tradicionalmente las políticas exterior y de defensa se conciben y estudian como políticas públicas separadas y, generalmente, formuladas a partir de criterios y parámetros diferentes. Si bien se reconoce que se trata de dos políticas sui generis, porque se formulan a lo interno de los Estados, su implementación se produce en el ámbito externo, y por tanto responde a la forma de cómo los “decisores” (gestores con capacidad de decisión) conciben su rol como actores internacionales, y la percepción que tengan de las interacciones con otros Estados. Esto último evidencia que tienen cosas en común. Así, al profundizar en su análisis se comprueba que la política exterior y la política de defensa están entrelazadas, y responden al interés de sobrevivir y progresar que tiene el Estado. Por supuesto, tienen diferencias; una utiliza el recurso de la diplomacia y generalmente está basada en las relaciones en tiempos de paz, y la otra recurre a los medios militares y se orienta tanto a tiempos de paz como de guerra.

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Biografía del autor/a

Carlos Murillo Zamora, Universidad de Costa Rica
Doctor en Gobierno y Políticas Públicas, Universidad de Costa Rica, y maestría en Relaciones Internacionales, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica. Actualmente es profesor de Relaciones Internacionales y de Administración Pública. También es consultor internacional. Es editor del libro «Hacia un nuevo siglo en Relaciones Internacionales» (Heredia: Escuela de Relaciones Internacionales, 2011) y autor, entre otros libros, de «Taiwán. Seguridad y Defensa en un contexto complejo» (Managua: CREI, 2006).
Cómo citar
Murillo Zamora, C. (2012). Algunas consideraciones sobre política exterior y de defensa. El caso de Costa Rica. Revista Científica General José María Córdova, 10(10), 27-48. https://doi.org/10.21830/19006586.225

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Publicado
2012-01-30
Sección
Política y Estrategia
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