Reexaminando el centro de gravedad

Análisis teórico y estructural del concepto

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21830/19006586.979

Palabras clave:

arte operacional, centro de gravedad, conceptos militares, estrategia, esfuerzo principal, Schwerpunkt

Resumen

El concepto de centro de gravedad es uno de los pilares fundamentales de la ciencia militar contemporánea, aunque muy controvertido. Aunque, en las últimas décadas, el centro de gravedad se ha convertido en el modus operandi del planeamiento y la conducción de operaciones militares (de envergadura) en varias fuerzas armadas, el concepto sigue sin comprenderse suficientemente y a menudo se aplica mal en la práctica. En este sentido, hemos tratado de mejorar su comprensión teórica identificando las dimensiones conceptuales que los autores más influyentes suelen destacar. Utilizando el método estructural para el análisis conceptual, hemos identificado siete entidades frecuentemente entendidas como los potenciales centros de gravedad. Estos son: (1) ejército desplegado, (2) liderazgo, (3) industria, (4) infraestructura, (5) población, (6) opinión pública e (7) ideología.

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Biografía del autor/a

Miha Šlebir, Universidad de Ljubljana, Eslovenia

PhD, magister y licenciado en el campo de los estudios de defensa. Trabaja como oficial militar en las Fuerzas Armadas de Eslovenia y como investigador en la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad de Ljubljana, Eslovenia.

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Publicado

2022-10-01

Cómo citar

Šlebir, M. (2022). Reexaminando el centro de gravedad: Análisis teórico y estructural del concepto. Revista Científica General José María Córdova, 20(40), 1025–1044. https://doi.org/10.21830/19006586.979
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