Insistiendo en la victoria

Victoria versus éxito en guerras limitadas y asimétricas

Palabras clave: Conflicto intraestatal; derrota militar; éxito; insurgencia; guerra asimétrica; guerra civil; terrorismo; victoria

Resumen

El uso del término victoria para referirse a una derrota militar del enemigo en una campana COIN es problemático. Una revisión del conflicto Turquía-PKK revela que, tras la búsqueda de una victoria militar unilateral por Turquía, el PKK llevo a cabo una campana sociopolítica más amplia, basándose en una guerra asimétrica e indirecta. La victoria militar no concluyó el conflicto exitosamente, solo cambio su naturaleza. Por lo tanto, sugerimos que éxito es un mejor concepto para evaluar las campanas de contrainsurgencia. Este se enfoca en soluciones políticas y cambia la percepción de una victoria unilateral a un resultado favorable para las partes. Por último, referirse a las fases consumadas exitosamente con dicho termino es más preciso, ya que el resultado en COIN no es simplemente una victoria o una derrota.

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Biografía del autor/a

Mustafa Coşar Ünal, Bilkent University, Turquía

Doctor en Políticas Públicas y Administración de la Universidad de Maryland. Profesor de posgrado y pregrado en terrorismo, inteligencia, seguridad y políticas públicas en diversas universidades, incluidas la Universidad de Bilkent, la Universidad de Gazi, la OTAN / Centro de Excelencia - Defensa contra el terrorismo y el Instituto de Ciencias de Seguridad de la Academia Nacional de Policía de Turquía. Sus intereses de investigación incluyen terrorismo y violencia política, conflicto asimétrico, gestión / resolución de conflictos, insurgencia, contrainsurgencia, contraterrorismo, doctrinas y estrategias COIN, inteligencia y seguridad nacional.

Petra Cafnik Uludağ, Bilkent University, Turquía

Doctora en Ciencias Políticas en la Universidad de Bilkent. Su investigación se centra en la interacción de la política y los medios de comunicación, particularmente en la política de otros movimientos sociales y políticos y las prácticas del nacionalismo. Tiene una maestría de la Universidad de Nova Gorica, departamento de estudios interculturales, y una licenciatura de la Universidad de Maribor, departamento de comunicación de medios.

Cómo citar
Ünal, M. C., & Cafnik Uludağ, P. (2019). Insistiendo en la victoria. Revista Científica General José María Córdova, 17(28), 891-922. https://doi.org/10.21830/19006586.522

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Publicado
2019-10-01